Signs and symptoms
A person with H5N1 will develop serious symptoms.
The incubation period is from 2 to 8 days, and it can take up to 17 days. This is compared with 2 to 3 days for human seasonal flu.
Initial symptoms include a high fever, over 38 degrees centigrade, lower respiratory tract symptoms, and, less commonly, upper respiratory tract symptoms.
The following signs and symptoms may occur:
a cough, usually dry
a high fever, over 38 degrees centigrade
a blocked or runny nose
aching bones, joints, and muscles
bleeding from the nose
cold sweats and chills
loss of appetite
upset stomach, sometimes involving diarrhea
bleeding from the gums
Some patients develop pneumonia and breathing difficulties. This occurs around 5 days after the first symptoms appear.
The patient's condition can deteriorate rapidly, resulting in pneumonia, multiple organ failure, and death.
Humans can become infected and ill after coming into contact with infected birds.
The following have been linked to human illness:
touching or defeathering infected birds
touching or breathing in feces and other secretions of infected birds
preparing infected poultry for cooking
slaughtering or butchering infected poultry
handling birds for sale
attending markets selling live birds
Eating cooked poultry or eggs does not cause infection.
However, people should cook poultry until the internal temperature is at least 165 degrees Fahrenheit or 74 degrees centigrade, and eggs until both the white and yolk are firm.
Bird droppings can contain the virus, and they can contaminate feed, equipment, vehicles, shoes, clothing, soil, dust and water. The feet and bodies of animals can also carry the H5N1 virus. lavender or purple colored items to wear for the wedding